Clark County Farm A Living Archive Of Five Generations Of History
This year, Clark County celebrates its bicentennial. But some of the county’s farms are even older than that. In fact, Clark County is home to seven farms that are more than 200 years old.
In this story, we visit one these original homesteads: The Wallace Family Farm in Medway, where Wallace descendants have saved generations of personal family records. And today the meticulous archives offer a unique window into Clark County and American history.
As soon as you meet Don Wallace, it quickly becomes apparent that this 81-year-old Clark County native is passionate about his family history.
Walking through the door of the beautiful 215-year-old Wallace farmhouse in Medway, Don points out the history contained within its walls, beginning with the room where he was born 81 years ago.
Don says he left his childhood home to pursue a career in public health. After 50 years of being off the farm, he returned with his wife to retire on this property that has been in his family for five generations.
As we tour the 1901 property, the memories come flooding back to him.
“This room was always the birthing room,” Don says, standing in the front corner bedroom, “but the other thing about this room goes back to an early memory of my grandfather, who died in 1939. At that time I would have only been a year and a half old, but in this room he was laid out for viewing.”
The Wallace family has been recording their history in Clark County since the late 1700s.
In fact, they were so good at keeping the physical momentos of their lives that when Don’s mother Milly donated their accumulated history to the Wright State University Special Collections and Archives, the Wallaces' letters, photos, deeds and records took up 1,600 linear feet, which amounts to around 15 shelves in the library’s stacks.
Since Don’s been back on the farm he’s continued to uncover pieces of his family's past.
We walk out to the barn where he shows me his latest finds.
Don points to initials carved into the cement floor.
“You see some engraving in the concrete and if you follow it through, it's a W.C.W. That’s my grandfather. And then you see a date, November 29, 13. Which would be 1913,” he says.
There’s another inscription at the base of the barn wall comemorating a day that Don remembers clearly: December 7, 1941, the day of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
On that day, he says, one of the farmhands came into the house with the news.
“It’s just so fascinating to find that," Don says, “and I didn’t know it was here. I had never seen it.”
One of Don’s most treasured finds is his mother’s diary from 1939, which he found in the barn last year.
In the pages of the small green book, his mother’s handwriting gives a candid account of his grandfather’s death at 79 years old.
Don reads a passage out loud.
“Dad came home from barn sick at 7:30 a.m. Had milked his cows. Was sick, but would not give in [...] had Dr. Miller, finally. Got dad to bed about 10:00. Told the boys stories and talked to them all day. Had Doctor again at 8:30. Dad slept away about 3 a.m. without Dick coming home," he reads.
Don’s mother’s diary now resides with the Wallace collection at Wright State.
Dawne Dewey, head of Special Collections and Archives, says the Wallace archives was one of the first projects she worked on after coming to Wright State.
The Wallace family kept everything, she says, and their vast collection of personal items is an important record of United States history.
Dawne teaches a graduate course in local history research and says she often taps into the collection of this Clark County family with her students.
“Things that date to the 1790s with the original settlers here in the Wallace family,” Dawne says, ”all the way up to Don Wallace's experiences in Vietnam, in medicine. So it is just such an extensive, thorough look at American life, and that’s what makes it so special. Those things in the boxes represent stories, hundreds and hundreds of them. And that’s what’s so great about this collection,” she says.
When I ask Dawne if she has a favorite piece of Wallace family memorabilia, she quotes from a small autograph album of Anna Wallace.
“She talks about writing something in, “this thy second memory’. And I love that second-memory phrase because this whole archives is second memory," she says.
"We have those first-person memories that happen to us but the diaries, the letters, the photographs, are our second memory. They help us remember all that stuff. Milly made sure when she gathered all this stuff together and brought it out here so many years ago, that the memories of her family and everything they did would be preserved for the future,” she says.
As Clark County marks its bicentennial, she hopes more people from around the Miami Valley will visit the Wallace Family Archives in person and experience Ohio farm history through one family’s artifacts.
Copyright 2021 WYSO. To see more, visit WYSO.