Could Ohio's Renewable Energy Be A Matter Of National Security?
It’s been years in the making, but this month plans for a Lake Erie wind farm took a step, or at least a half-step, forward.
The staff of the Ohio Siting Board conditionally approved plans to put wind turbines eight to 10 miles offshore. Developers would have to monitor danger to bats and birds from spinning turbine blades, for example, if the site is to run at night.
This project is not without opposition, but the discussion around renewable energy projects and infrastructure in Ohio is ever more robust. And that could be very good news for manufacturers.
“We do a lot: building products, led lighting components, and solar, those are the three major verticals we’re in,” says Steve Peplin, CEO of Talan Products in Cleveland.
Peplin says he started with three guys and $2,100 in 1986, and now his million-dollar machines are manufacturing components for many things, including solar mounting systems for rooftops.
Peplin says Talan makes the mundane stuff that everybody needs, but nobody thinks about.
“Our parts are literally on almost every building in America,” Peplin claims. “I liken it to being a door knob manufacturer. Nobody ever thinks about the door knob, but somebody’s making a lot of money manufacturing door knobs, you know?”
Peplin says Northeast Ohio is definitely still positioned well to manufacture and compete in the renewable space, because it has a number of qualities going for it.
“We have the infrastructure; we had until recently low-cost industrial space—it’s still low-cost compared to California or the East Coast; a history and a heritage of manufacturing, so we have the infrastructure, steel mills located here; and we have a great labor force,” Peplin says.
There could be as many as 100 Northeast Ohio companies that serve the renewable energy sector, according to a rough estimate from Wire-Net, an economic development non-profit tied to manufacturing.
And while this may just seem like another business story, some experts think this should be also be a national security story.
“We believe that America’s economic strength is essential for America’s overall security. It’s as important, easily, as the military strength of the nation,” said Vice Admiral Lee Gunn.
Gunn serves as vice chair of CNA’s Military Advisory Board, a group made up of retired three- and four-star generals and admirals.
“The opportunities in terms for America in terms of technology, in terms of manufacturing capacity, those opportunities that are resonant with transition to advanced energy mean that American can seize the high-ground on this, America should seize the high-ground,” he said.
Gunn visited Northeast Ohio as part of a study group from the Atlantic Council, talking about energy in terms of national security.
The group learned about manufacturing (with a stop into Talan Products, for example), but also held conversations at the Cleveland Clinic, before participating in a City Club discussion on the same issue.
“Ohio, in our view, is key to this,” Gunn said. “This is an enormously important piece of America’s manufacturing and technological heartland. So this is a place where we’re really excited to be.”
The “we” also included General James Jones, who among many accolades is a former Supreme Allied Commander Europe, a former National Security Advisor for President Obama, and is now interim chair of the Atlantic Council.
“This is part of whether the United States is going to retain its position of global superiority in the technical field challenges that we’re facing with competition that we created actually in the 20th century. And competition in a healthy sense is a good thing,” Jones said. “But it also has its downsides. For example, the difference in philosophies between the U.S. and Russia right now on energy. Russia sees energy as a political and economic weapon. We see it as an opportunity to be benevolent, to help emerging countries and markets, particularly on the African continent, come into the 21st century at a technologically-advanced stage. That is responsible leadership, in my view.”
Aluminum and steel tariffs imposed by the U.S. on a number of countries have caused unease among some traditional allies of the United States. The tariffs would make some major projects more difficult, including infrastructure upgrades.
There would have to be capacity and domestic will to refocus priorities.
“In my view, we don’t have a choice,” Jones said. “We do have a significant decaying infrastructure in this country that has to be rebuilt. In the middle of the 20th century when everything here was new, and everything everywhere else in the world was old, it was kind of a heyday for American power and prestige, really. Everyone wanted to be like us. Well, in the ensuing 50-60 years they did become like us, and we didn’t pay attention to our own infrastructure.
“So now, we have to pay that price,” Jones continued. “It’s going to be a combination of what we can produce at home, but also this is a globalized world and we’re going to have to figure out how to balance the trading issues that go into achieving the goal that we have to do for our own welfare.”
From a national security perspective, energy concerns include dependence on foreign oil, on vulnerabilities of our electricity grids, or even not needing troops to use noisy generators while deployed, and lighten convoys needing to bring fuel for those noisy generators.
Gunn said all branches of the military are thinking about renewable energy. But still, real national security has a lot to do with what happens right here.
“To the degree that we can capitalize on human energy, and innovation, and creativity, we need a set of policies that will exploit those characteristics and put them to use in the areas that are most important for national security,” Gunn said. “And we think one of those is this transition to advanced energy.”
And that brings us back to Lake Erie, if not the front line of the energy discussion, certainly a shoreline.
There are Ohio companies that have been thinking about renewable energy as a major part of their business plan for quite a while, and as that know-how grows, it can start to underpin larger parts of the economy.
Cleveland’s Lincoln Electric is an example. It has a long line of welding products, and its priorities include power generation from wind, hydropower, thermal power (burning coal or burning gas) and nuclear power.
You may wonder why welding might be vital to high-tech wind generators, but the answer isn’t as complicated as you might think. Welding becomes pretty important when wind energy needs to be as efficient as possible to keep costs low.
“The way that they do that, is they go higher,” said Tom Angelino, Lincoln Electric’s Global Business Segment Director for Power Generation. “The other thing you do is you put bigger generators on the top of these towers. When you go taller, usually it means the structures are bigger; the weld requirements are different. We know what the main concern of the industry is, and how are we going to help them get there.”
Angelino says some estimates put the wind energy potential of Lake Erie at 1,500 megawatts, or about the same as a nuclear plant.
That’s not to say the Lake will be developed to that level, but it does show potential in wind energy in Ohio, just as there’s potential to plant a bigger flag in solar.
“I don’t think it’s an accident that Ohio is a big producer of components,” Peplin says. “The solar industry came out of nowhere, it’s very large, it’s kind of a natural that the people who were manufacturing furniture, and building products, and automotive products, would manufacture solar products also. That’s kind of our heritage, we were traditionally a building products manufacturer, a lot of solar is on a building. So it seemed to make perfect sense for me.”
Peplin doesn’t know what it might take to further ramp up renewable energy-related business in Northeast Ohio, for the good of the economy or national security. He suggests maybe requiring locally-sourced components for systems, or maybe a beefed-up renewable portfolio standard for utilities.
But from his perspective, in the industry, it makes sense from a cost perspective.
“Being against sunshine? It’s like being against puppies,” Peplin says. “How can you not be for energy from sunshine?”