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Ohio Supreme Court To Decide If Amendment Means More Workers Get Minimum Wage

The state's High Court will rule in minimum wage case.

Two commission-based sales reps are asking the Ohio Supreme Court to decide whether a constitutional amendment, approved by voters, in 2006, requires that they be paid minimum wage. The eventual ruling could have a big effect on businesses and employees throughout Ohio.

The lawsuit started with one of those free coupon magazines that come in the mail or in a plastic bag thrown on lawns and front stoops all over Ohio. This one was called JB Dollar Stretcher, and there was a companion website, too.

Most of the hundred or so employees of the company were outside sales representatives who were paid on commission. Two of them filed the lawsuit. They said they each worked about 50 hours a week selling ads. And they say the 2006 Ohio Fair Minimum Wage constitutional amendment entitled them to be paid minimum wage.

The owners’ attorney John Susany told the justices his clients were “astounded” they were sued because they had always displayed a poster from the Ohio Department of Commerce showing the minimum wage – before and after the amendment passed – and those jobs that are exempt from it.

And, he says, one of them is and has been outside sales people.

“And so it is no hyperbole when I said my clients were completely, completely surprised when this happened because they did what good employers should do – they posted this.”

But the lawyer for the sales reps, Andrew Biller, said the problem isn’t with the amendment that voters approved – it’s with the statute that state lawmakers wrote to put it into effect.

Biller said that law conflicts with the Federal Labor Standards Act, because “the FLSA says employee means any individual employed by an employer.”

And Biller said the law exempts certain employees, but the amendment’s intent was clear all along.

“The proponents of the amendment focused on raising the wages of low-wage workers, and that would be consistent with including previously-FSLA exempt workers, because those are also low-wage workers if they’re earning less than minimum wage,” Biller said.

Biller said that poster that Susany referenced is – in his words – an administrative agency’s obviously flawed interpretation of the law. And he says it’s being used to delay the full implementation of the minimum wage amendment for nine years.

“And the court should reject that because that strips Ohio workers of the constitutional rights that they bargained for, and it punishes law-abiding employers by putting them at a competitive disadvantage to those employers who broke the law,” Biller said.

But Susany says his clients have done as the law told them to do, and now “they’re facing down the barrel of a class-action lawsuit”. And he warned the justices that this lawsuit could put other Ohio businesses in the same position.

“They’re looking to create an avalanche of lawsuits and class-action lawsuits – lawyers, doctors, accountants, computer analysts – anybody who had that white collar exemption. Learned professionals, they’re subject to this.”

The trial court agreed with the sales reps, while the appeals court sided with the owners. 

In the Supreme Court case, the sales reps were joined in support by the state’s largest trial lawyers’ group, the Ohio Association for Justice and the Ohio Employment Lawyers’ Association.

And some big groups have filed paperwork to support the owners’ argument, including the Ohio Chamber of Commerce, the Ohio Council of Retail Merchants, and the Ohio chapter of the National Federation of Independent Business. It’ll likely be months before the court delivers a decision.